The DARE (Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality) project includes 15 partners in 13 countries - Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Greece, Malta, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, The Netherlands, Tunisia, Turkey and the UK - and will run for four years. Funded under the EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, it will investigate young people’s encounters with and agents of radicalisation, how they receive and respond to those calls, and how they make choices about the paths they take.
It aims to broaden understanding of radicalisation, demonstrate that it is not located in any one religion or community, and to explore the effects of radicalisation on society. DARE will focus on people aged between 12 and 30, as they are a key target of recruiters and existing research suggests they may be particularly receptive to radicalism. It will approach young people neither as victims nor perpetrators of radicalisation, but as engaged, reflexive, often passionate social actors who seek information they can trust, as they navigate a world in which calls to radicalisation are numerous. Read More Here.
What's Going On with DARE?
05 February 2018 As a DARE partner working across various work packages, the Leiden University team has focused on creating the conditions under which the ambitions of DARE can come to optimal fruition. We are making progress in setting up the team that can make significant contributions to our understanding of policies in the domain of radicalization, to describe the dynamics of media assisted self-radicalization, to effectively engage with the milieus we aim to understand, to assist in implementing new tools, and to disseminate our insights. We are fortunate to have received positive responses from national and international academics, policy makers, and practitioners regarding the societal and academic ambitions of DARE. Recently, the Leiden University team hosted the national platform of researchers in the area of radicalization, to discuss research and dissemination challenges in radicalization research. We have also hosted and contributed to various other local and international events. A smaller team of academics, policy makers, and practitioners meet on a regular basis, discussing the issue at hand and generating activities. This has allowed us to connect to the milieus we seek to understand. Indeed, it has been very gratifying to have received the support from many experts and people in the field.
13 January 2018: Throughout the first phase of the DARE Project, The People for Change Foundation has focused on setting up the various dissemination tools for the project. The tools aim to ensure the greatest impact for the project and its findings and will need to continue to adapt as the project progresses to meet that goal. The tools set up by PfC include: this website (www.dare-h2020.org) – intended to be the main reference point for the project, shared posters (see image above) for the project, a project leaflet as well as shared slide templates. Beyond these, PfC was also responsible, in collaboration with the consortium for the design and agreement of the project logo, intended to give the project a distinct identity. This work included various challenges most notably ensuring that the various tools meet the expectations and address the concerns arising from the various partner institutions and their national realities and second that the tools prepared are suitable for a wide range of audiences that the DARE Project seeks to target including young research participants and policy makers. This is also why these tools remain a work in progress, intended to continue to evolve as the project moves forward.
13 November 2017: Between 23 October and 26 October, colleagues from all participating organisations and countries met in Oslo to discuss ethics, methods, data management and involvement of stakeholders in the ‘Dialogue About Radicalisation and Equality’ Project. Given that during the coming months, the work of many researchers involved in DARE will consist of intensive desk- and field-work this meeting provided a key opportunity for consortium members and individual researchers to discuss the common research tools to be used with young people and experts, who can contribute to the development of new knowledge on pathways to radicalisation. The project’s comprehensive Data Handbook, drafted by the University of Manchester, and which addresses a variety of issues around data collection, storage and analysis was also discussed.
DARE colleagues reported on the collaboration with representatives from municipalities, ministries, media and civil society organisations at a regional, national and European level, and the exchange with policy makers and colleagues from and beyond their own institutions. The meeting was graciously hosted by the team at the Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HIOA).
On 6 October UNIMAN hosted the first meeting of its National Stakeholder Group (NSG). The meeting brought together a diverse group of stakeholders from across policy, practitioner, academic and specialist NGO fields. These included: the Home Office Extremism Analysis Unit, Manchester City Council Community Safety team, Birmingham & Solihull Mental Health Foundation Trust, Moonshot CVE, Connect Futures, The Tim Parry Jonathan Ball Foundation for Peace, The Runnymede Trust and Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats at Lancaster University.
NSGs are a key and integral part of the DARE project, and will be important in helping to shape the research as well as to disseminate findings as they emerge. This first NSG by the UK team gave us the opportunity to discuss key elements of the impending ethnographic research with young people. We discussed issues around entry into fieldwork, generating samples for interviews and observations, building trust with gatekeepers and young people, handling difficult situations during the process of fieldwork and the identification of milieus. NSG members brought valuable insights from their own work in these areas enabling us to refine our proposed interview scenarios and overall fieldwork strategy. Feedback gathered from this meeting will feed into discussions with researchers from the wider DARE consortium at our Methods Workshop to be held in Oslo from 23-26 October.
11 May 2017: The DARE Project team held its first partners meeting between the 9 and 11 May in Kendal, UK. The meeting provided an opportunity for the partners to discuss the research and the project logistics.
7 April 2017: Hilary Pilkington, the Coordinator of the DARE Project has won the very prestigious BBC Ethnography Prize for her book ‘Loud and Proud: Passion and Politics in the English Defence League’.
Opinion Piece: Radicals with a cause? Young Muslims and the underbelly of the city.
By Ajmal Hussain
The attack on the Manchester Arena in May this year plunged the city into a scenario similar to that experienced in a handful of European cities over the past decade. The sudden interruption of public life by a troubled young person who inhabited a complex and contradictory sense of self – a local rendered extraneous through links to his parent’s homeland – has cast a shadow on the city’s Muslim population, and particularly its younger cohort. Read more.
Opinion Piece: Income Security may increase secularity, but not vice versa
By Ingrid Storm
Dr Ingrid Storm from The University of Manchester examines economic decline and church attendance in Britain. She found that despite regular churchgoers being able to cope better with economic loss; economic decline does not increase church attendance. Read more.
New Commission Launched in Greater Manchesters to tackle extremism and promote a stronger and more cohesive Manchester
An ex-member of the far-right group Combat 18 who has turned his back on hate, the chair of the review into the 2011 riots, and the North West’s former top lawyer are amongst a panel of experts.
Salafist Identity Formation between Objective Determinants and Personal Experience
by Samiha Hamdi
As we attempt to detect some signs of the social transformations taking place in Tunisia particularly after the 2011 uprising, we find the expansion of Salafism and its effects on the process of identity formation among Tunisian youth to be one of the most important social changes.
Partner Focus! ENAR – the European Network Against Racism – is a strong pan-European network of anti-racism NGOs combining Europe-wide advocacy for racial equality and the facilitation of cooperation among civil society anti-racist actors across Europe. ENAR is the only pan-European network where organisations combating different forms of racism can exchange and plan common actions. The organisation was set up in 1998 by grassroots activists on a mission to achieve legal changes at European level and make decisive progress towards racial equality in all EU Member States.
DARE is a great opportunity for ENAR to be directly engaged with and contribute to an active and committed research community looking into (in)equality, exclusion and radicalisation. ENAR has long been making the case that inequalities, exclusion and disenfranchisement are among the key drivers of radicalisation towards extreme political views, both on the “jihadi” or on the “far-right” sides, down to various forms of violence, including terrorism. DARE allows ENAR and other partners to explore in depth correlations between these different elements and bring more scientific evidence in an area that is paradoxically little researched, but also develop solutions based on the research outcomes. ENAR will therefore actively contribute to the design of toolkits for street workers, teachers, educators and youth workers that will support them in empowering youth to stay away from ideologies that might drag them into forms of violence, while ensuring they are equipped to voice democratically their life-options for a better and more equal world. This will part of the Work Package 9 (Countering radicalisation through dialogue).
ENAR will also contribute to the dissemination of outcomes of the various research, support their formulation into policy recommendations with the view to increase the impact of the project. DARE is not only about world-class research: it’s also about improving the design and impact of public policies by providing sound evidence and turn-key proposals to ensure that policies do not have any disproportionate effect on specific minority groups, that they are fully inclusive and Human Rights based. ENAR will therefore co-lead the Work Package 10 (Societal impact, scientific and public engagement) with the People for change Foundation. As present, Ojeaku (Senior Research Officers) and Michael (Director) are involved in the DARE Project. A third person will join the team in 2019 to work specifically on the DARE project. To read more about ENAR and their contribution to the team visit the partners page.